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Table 2 Topical labels for the temporally-ensembled meta-clusters

From: Characterizing communities of hashtag usage on twitter during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic by multi-view clustering

Period 1 General Topic Focus Level of Cluster
0 Multi-language, general use hashtags low
1 Multi-lingual coronavirus-specific hashtags low
2 News resources related hashtags medium
3 Chinese focused hashtags (often of negative sentiment) high
4 Thai related hashtags medium
5 Economy/Commerce related hashtags high
6 U.S. Politics related hashtags high
7 technology and business related hashtags high
8 Asian-languages hashtags high
9 Multi-lingual, anti-racism and health news related hashtag medium
10 French language and European related hashtags medium
11 Italian language hashtags high
12 Arabic script hashtags high
13 All-caps hashtags with some Syrian Civil War hashtags medium
Period 2 General Topic Focus Level of Cluster
0 News and U.S. Politics related hashtags medium
1 News-resources related hashtags low
2 Commerce, Economy, and technology related hashtags medium
3 Asian-languages hashtags medium
4 Spanish language hashtags medium
5 French language hashtags high
6 Italian language hashtags high
7 Turkish language with some conspiracy theory related hashtags medium
8 Online entertianment related hashtags hmedium
9 German language hashtags medium
10 Arabic script and middle-east related hashtags high
11 Australian and British news related hashtags high
12 Online education related hashtags high
Period 3 General Topic Focus Level of Cluster
0 Spanish language and many general hashtags low
1 Multi-lingual, coronavirus and general hashtags low
2 Commerce, Economy, and technology related hashtags medium
3 Multi-lingual, coronavirus and general hashtags low
4 British news, anti-racism, and medical science related and hashtags medium
5 U.S. Politics related hashtags high
6 Arabic-script and location related hashtags medium
7 Chinese focused hashtags (often of negative sentiment) high
8 French language hashtags high
9 Italian language hashtags high
10 Canadian and climate change related hashtags high
11 German language hashtags medium
12 Asian languages hashtags high
13 Indonesian and surrounding countries related hashtags medium
14 Thai language hashtags high
15 Turkish language hashtags high
  1. Some clusters had much more focused and readily defined topics than did others. Also, some topics are persistent throughout all three time periods, while some only exist in a time period