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Table 3 Landmarks in periodic windows GI- GIV

From: Network cartography of university students’ knowledge landscapes about the history of science: landmarks and thematic communities

GI (1572–1848) GII (1704–1900) GIII (1789–1914) GIV (1848–1928)
K D Landmark K D Landmark K D Landmark K D Landmark
.42 46 Newton .36 37 French revol .36 30 Faraday .31 30 Einstein
.26 29 Galileo .22 30 Faraday .23 12 Electromagn .29 49 WW I
.20 21 Empir meth .18 17 Napoleon I .21 9 Ampere .25 22 Quant mech
.20 15 Scientfc revol .17 31 Steam engine .19 14 Electr curr .23 18 Planck
.19 14 Heliocntr wv .17 23 Indstr revol .19 6 Oersted .21 15 de Broglie
.18 11 Kepler .17 16 Electric curr .18 10 Volta pile .19 17 Bohr
.17 14 Telescope .16 20 Marx .18 17 Maxwell .17 11 Schrodinger
.17 14 Gravit. law .14 10 Ampere .17 10 Galvanomtr .15 8 Born
.15 21 Brahe .14 17 Voltaire .15 26 French revol .15 9 Heisenberg
.15 13 Gravity .14 10 Volta pile .13 23 Nobel prize .13 25 Nobel prize
.14 15 Bacon .13 14 Volta .13 16 Planck .12 16 Bohr model
.13 15 Descartes .13 23 Franklin .13 6 Ampere law .12 10 von Laue
.13 10 Kepler laws .13 12 Electromagn .12 17 Napoleon I .12 7 Energy
.12 9 Royal soc .12 19 Lavoisier .11 17 Einstein .11 21 Finland indp
.11 10 Hooke .12 9 Metric syst .11 6 Henry .11 7 Wave-part d
  1. For each window, the 15 highest ranking (based on Katz centrality K) landmarks are given, with D indicating their degree centrality
  2. The colligatory concepts of history are shown in boldface and persons in italics