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Table 1 Semantic frame induction results achieved using different contextualized representations of verb instances

From: Semantic frame induction through the detection of communities of verbs and their arguments

  d Edges CC Clusters Purity F1 BCubed F1
BERT 0.21 18,945 0.66 41.13 ±0.56 89.03 ±1.02 82.76 ±1.22
Context-Free 0.57 39,441 0.97 22.03 ±0.31 95.57 ±0.58 93.35 ±0.71
Syntactic Context 0.41 27,201 0.80 30.93 ±0.25 94.32 ±0.16 91.65 ±0.20
Semantic Context 0.53 20,660 0.67 24.47 ±0.52 88.64 ±0.33 81.92 ±0.54
Free + Syntactic 0.47 37,913 0.94 22.97 ±0.41 95.83 ±0.28 93.66 ±0.32
All 0.45 21,448 0.73 34.73 ±0.51 93.93 ±0.30 91.04 ±0.59
  1. The first row refers to BERT representations, the second block to the different levels of ELMo representations, and the last block to combinations of those levels. d refers to the neighboring threshold. CC refers to the clustering coefficient