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Table 1 Resulting indicators for the 100 study sites

From: Urban spatial order: street network orientation, configuration, and entropy

Region City φ Η o Η w ĩ ς P de P 4w
Asia/Oceania Bangkok 0.105 3.465 3.452 64.6 1.059 2.385 0.360 0.108
Beijing 0.335 3.177 3.206 177.5 1.053 2.985 0.135 0.241
Hanoi 0.010 3.573 3.572 64.4 1.065 2.610 0.246 0.102
Hong Kong 0.012 3.571 3.563 61.0 1.137 2.932 0.114 0.174
Jakarta 0.167 3.391 3.347 52.8 1.065 2.741 0.175 0.096
Kabul 0.076 3.499 3.510 79.3 1.062 2.673 0.226 0.130
Karachi 0.088 3.485 3.493 71.3 1.032 3.027 0.095 0.216
Kathmandu 0.054 3.523 3.500 63.3 1.071 2.595 0.234 0.089
Kyoto 0.357 3.148 3.229 49.6 1.090 2.887 0.134 0.157
Manila 0.062 3.514 3.484 63.5 1.023 3.141 0.095 0.347
Melbourne 0.340 3.172 3.203 51.9 1.037 3.160 0.060 0.332
Mumbai 0.075 3.499 3.476 68.9 1.081 2.705 0.211 0.136
New Delhi 0.062 3.515 3.491 62.5 1.083 2.696 0.197 0.119
Osaka 0.243 3.298 3.306 51.0 1.025 3.155 0.069 0.292
Phnom Penh 0.324 3.193 3.235 81.6 1.040 2.784 0.205 0.188
Pyongyang 0.024 3.557 3.568 132.4 1.097 2.524 0.294 0.120
Seoul 0.009 3.573 3.573 53.5 1.048 3.011 0.101 0.205
Shanghai 0.121 3.447 3.433 233.0 1.040 3.017 0.156 0.317
Singapore 0.005 3.578 3.570 64.7 1.077 2.994 0.110 0.215
Sydney 0.092 3.480 3.431 93.1 1.073 2.674 0.206 0.087
Taipei 0.158 3.402 3.428 73.5 1.068 3.096 0.110 0.305
Tokyo 0.050 3.528 3.529 49.6 1.046 2.950 0.119 0.186
Ulaanbaatar 0.058 3.519 3.463 88.7 1.065 2.486 0.283 0.061
Europe Amsterdam 0.071 3.504 3.488 65.8 1.080 2.897 0.146 0.205
Athens 0.041 3.538 3.532 55.5 1.019 3.245 0.056 0.363
Barcelona 0.108 3.462 3.460 78.1 1.052 3.135 0.078 0.303
Berlin 0.011 3.572 3.570 113.1 1.040 3.002 0.118 0.259
Budapest 0.050 3.528 3.516 93.0 1.032 3.037 0.096 0.231
Copenhagen 0.029 3.552 3.551 78.0 1.048 2.881 0.146 0.194
Dublin 0.024 3.557 3.541 71.5 1.061 2.492 0.279 0.068
Glasgow 0.047 3.531 3.513 72.3 1.079 2.620 0.238 0.109
Helsinki 0.006 3.577 3.571 42.0 1.063 2.348 0.395 0.134
Kiev 0.014 3.568 3.554 125.1 1.053 2.813 0.164 0.160
Lisbon 0.023 3.558 3.546 60.8 1.068 2.923 0.108 0.154
London 0.015 3.566 3.564 70.3 1.061 2.561 0.251 0.070
Madrid 0.019 3.562 3.553 62.5 1.050 3.079 0.065 0.210
Moscow 0.007 3.576 3.573 130.5 1.055 2.999 0.074 0.170
Munich 0.078 3.496 3.482 96.0 1.046 2.958 0.099 0.200
Oslo 0.008 3.574 3.564 78.0 1.095 2.711 0.197 0.113
Paris 0.016 3.566 3.568 71.5 1.023 3.110 0.050 0.240
Prague 0.049 3.529 3.513 84.5 1.065 2.807 0.177 0.171
Reykjavik 0.056 3.522 3.529 63.2 1.071 2.540 0.283 0.117
Rome 0.005 3.578 3.578 73.7 1.070 2.820 0.161 0.145
Sarajevo 0.039 3.540 3.558 94.7 1.133 2.522 0.270 0.078
Stockholm 0.006 3.577 3.568 82.0 1.091 2.681 0.222 0.141
Venice 0.017 3.564 3.553 23.2 1.090 2.474 0.300 0.073
Vienna 0.050 3.528 3.515 90.4 1.043 2.985 0.122 0.244
Warsaw 0.036 3.544 3.532 90.9 1.043 2.717 0.204 0.160
Latin America Bogota 0.040 3.539 3.529 58.4 1.044 2.977 0.122 0.234
Buenos Aires 0.151 3.411 3.423 104.8 1.011 3.548 0.027 0.576
Caracas 0.029 3.551 3.564 95.3 1.148 2.710 0.217 0.145
Havana 0.029 3.551 3.552 86.9 1.040 3.130 0.118 0.357
Lima 0.278 3.254 3.228 76.7 1.017 3.161 0.040 0.331
Mexico City 0.154 3.408 3.406 69.9 1.043 2.977 0.146 0.264
Port au Prince 0.028 3.552 3.554 55.0 1.088 2.495 0.295 0.087
Rio de Janeiro 0.014 3.568 3.566 74.0 1.055 2.804 0.172 0.147
Sao Paulo 0.002 3.581 3.580 76.0 1.050 2.936 0.120 0.176
Middle East/Africa Baghdad 0.083 3.490 3.498 68.3 1.033 3.043 0.050 0.144
Beirut 0.206 3.344 3.308 63.9 1.026 3.061 0.072 0.218
Cairo 0.041 3.538 3.526 66.6 1.067 2.996 0.085 0.171
Cape Town 0.025 3.556 3.553 75.2 1.102 2.793 0.183 0.162
Casablanca 0.094 3.477 3.461 48.0 1.048 3.026 0.080 0.178
Damascus 0.043 3.536 3.525 65.8 1.085 2.801 0.146 0.107
Dubai 0.031 3.550 3.529 79.7 1.087 2.925 0.074 0.073
Istanbul 0.007 3.576 3.574 50.1 1.059 2.998 0.093 0.174
Jerusalem 0.014 3.568 3.562 44.0 1.092 2.735 0.180 0.109
Johannesburg 0.019 3.562 3.556 88.6 1.098 2.865 0.158 0.182
Lagos 0.039 3.540 3.521 87.2 1.048 2.619 0.223 0.070
Mogadishu 0.375 3.123 3.292 39.4 1.019 3.346 0.055 0.472
Nairobi 0.014 3.568 3.556 91.8 1.083 2.506 0.279 0.075
Tehran 0.137 3.427 3.405 52.0 1.045 2.652 0.240 0.134
US/Canada Atlanta 0.315 3.204 3.197 112.5 1.074 2.806 0.164 0.153
Baltimore 0.223 3.324 3.367 100.0 1.036 3.182 0.085 0.360
Boston 0.026 3.554 3.552 77.0 1.039 2.945 0.135 0.211
Charlotte 0.002 3.582 3.581 117.2 1.067 2.546 0.288 0.139
Chicago 0.899 2.083 2.103 105.3 1.016 3.343 0.074 0.507
Cleveland 0.486 2.961 2.899 103.7 1.029 2.979 0.091 0.198
Dallas 0.305 3.218 3.182 106.1 1.042 3.120 0.091 0.317
Denver 0.678 2.634 2.571 102.7 1.031 3.249 0.071 0.416
Detroit 0.582 2.807 2.718 101.2 1.012 3.352 0.053 0.482
Honolulu 0.034 3.545 3.550 101.8 1.073 2.681 0.252 0.185
Houston 0.425 3.052 3.006 96.2 1.045 3.027 0.127 0.307
Las Vegas 0.542 2.874 2.775 86.1 1.079 2.676 0.230 0.166
Los Angeles 0.348 3.161 3.145 109.9 1.048 2.911 0.171 0.273
Manhattan 0.669 2.650 2.571 82.2 1.017 3.508 0.027 0.572
Miami 0.811 2.341 2.291 96.7 1.023 3.236 0.069 0.407
Minneapolis 0.749 2.486 2.464 115.4 1.023 3.393 0.053 0.521
Montreal 0.204 3.346 3.332 87.4 1.057 3.239 0.051 0.344
New Orleans 0.123 3.444 3.457 99.6 1.035 3.378 0.077 0.526
Orlando 0.481 2.969 2.929 100.1 1.064 2.914 0.120 0.237
Philadelphia 0.312 3.209 3.267 83.9 1.030 3.315 0.047 0.398
Phoenix 0.586 2.801 2.563 97.1 1.073 2.795 0.186 0.171
Pittsburgh 0.018 3.564 3.565 94.0 1.054 2.854 0.173 0.231
Portland 0.679 2.632 2.680 82.1 1.041 3.032 0.146 0.327
San Francisco 0.278 3.253 3.226 94.4 1.033 3.304 0.087 0.454
Seattle 0.723 2.542 2.474 97.2 1.028 3.107 0.136 0.369
St Louis 0.276 3.256 3.225 107.0 1.023 3.165 0.098 0.374
Toronto 0.474 2.980 2.885 103.1 1.090 2.994 0.109 0.217
Vancouver 0.749 2.488 2.413 103.7 1.022 3.308 0.073 0.455
Washington 0.377 3.121 3.113 99.5 1.038 3.252 0.065 0.370
  1. φ is the orientation-order indicator, Ηo represents street orientation entropy, Ηw represents weighted street orientation entropy, ĩ represents median street segment length (meters), ς represents average circuity, represents average node degree, Pde represents the proportion of nodes that are dead-ends, and P4w represents the proportion of nodes that are four-way intersections