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Table 9 “Conduit” companies of top three jurisdictions

From: Identification of key companies for international profit shifting in the Global Ownership Network

The United States The United Kingdom China
GB 17% GB 17% CN 29%
ES 14% IE 10% HK 24%
DE 9% US 10% VG 9%
US 8% ES 9% KY 6%
RU 6% DE 6% BM 6%
  1. GB is the UK; ES is Spain; DE is Germany; RU is Russia; IE is Ireland; CN is mainland China; HK is Hong Kong; VG is the British Virgin Islands; KY is the Cayman Islands; and the BM is the Bermuda Islands