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Table 7 “Holding” companies of top three jurisdictions

From: Identification of key companies for international profit shifting in the Global Ownership Network

The United States The United Kingdom Japan
GB 15% NL 15% US 22%
NL 13% US 12% GB 13%
DE 9% ES 7% NL 12%
LU 8% LU 7% DE 6%
FR 5% DE 6% SG 5%
  1. GB is the UK; NL is the Netherlands; DE is Germany; LU is Luxembourg; FR is France; ES is Spain; and SG is Singapore